Peptic Ulcer | Indigestion

Indigestion, also known as dyspepsia, is a collection of chronic or acute symptoms that describes pain and discomfort experience in the upper abdomen.

Causes of Indigestion
Indigestion may occur as a result of overeating, eating foods that are high in fat, eating foods that are spicy, and eating too fast.  Some of the other causes of indigestion may include the following:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Cancer
  • Inflammation of the pancreas
  • Gallstones
  • A structural abnormality


Symptoms of Indigestion
Symptoms of indigestion may be experienced either on a daily basis or on occasion.  Some of the symptoms may include the following:

  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • A feeling of fullness
  • Pain or burning in the upper abdomen

Certain factors, such as alcohol, carbonated beverages or smoking, can increase the risk of symptoms.

Diagnosis of Indigestion
After review of the patient’s medical history and a physical examination, the doctor may conduct a series of tests to confirm diagnosis;

  • Blood tests
  • Breath or stool tests
  • An endoscopy of the upper gastrointestinal tract
  • X-rays of stomach and small intestine
  • Ultrasound of the abdomen
  • CT scan


Treatment of Indigestion
Treatment for indigestion depends on the underlying disease but can include modifying the patient’s lifestyle habits, which may Include the following:

  • Modifying eating habits
  • Using medications such as antacids and proton pump inhibitors
  • Reducing or eliminating caffeine consumption
  • Resting
  • Eliminating alcohol, carbonated beverages, spicy and fatty foods from the diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Antibiotics


Maintaining a healthy diet and active lifestyle may be helpful in preventing symptoms of indigestion.